Albert Einstein

Remarkable letter incorporating his thoughts about Nazi Germany…

Handwritten and signed letter by Albert Einstein with extraordinary content regarding the German's continued "attachment to Nazi-dom", the destructive nature of humanity, and American culture post the Second World War, including its "imperialism and military psychology" as well its "intellectual theft". The letter, dated January 22 1945, is written to Einstein’s friend Otto Juliusburger, who was a Jewish-German psychiatrist that emigrated to the United States during World War II.

The letter in full: "Dear Friend, I thank you today for your kind wishes and send you mine, somewhat shamefully late, but still, you can say, at the start of the year. At one point I had a correspondence with [philosopher and scientist Josef] Popper-Lynkeus that in a way I feel ashamed of. In it, I criticized his concept of a 'duty to provide subsistence' as being impractical, and I am afraid that criticism was not good. I did agree with him that protecting the individual from material want was an undeniable and important duty of society, but believed that interference of such magnitude into the freedom of the individual was not desirable and not warranted for the attainment of the goal. In doing so, I totally failed to recognize the high instructive value of such a development, which would, after all, be the exact opposite of society's requiring military duty, even concerning the instructive impact. You propose classes in social-ethics instruction. No doubt, that would be good, but talk remains talk and tends to ossify. Action has greater impact.

I can well imagine how excited you are that your research results in pernicious anemia and somatic treatment of psychological illnesses have been accepted. You did not mention the people here. Small surprise there since intellectual theft is one of the hallowed traditions of this blessed country, which is well-known to the initiated. It adorns the thief while also helping overcome the inferiority complex that still operates under the surface.

The Germans have not succeeded in concealing their attachment to Nazi-dom. I hope that will cause others to destroy the German danger more radically than after the last war - so that jealousy of the victors will not result again in rivalry for the German confederation. Mankind in the mass is a fatal beast about which you can never tell when and where it will destructively pounce. Victory has not been good for those here, as imperialism and military psychology have taken hold. And yet one cannot be grateful enough for that victory.

Enjoy your days compiling your works. To you and your dear wife I wish happy and harmonious days. Warmly, A. Einstein".

An additional postscript written vertically in the left margin reads: ""Have you heard that our dear [Gustav Peter] Bucky narrowly escaped death thanks to surgery performed at the last minute? Apparently it was a case of medically adventurous proportions (obstruction of stomach and intestines caused by an interior hernia). [Rudolph] Nissen's surgery must have been the accomplishment of a genius."

This is truly a remarkable letter by Einstein in which he explains his thoughts about Nazi Germany. It’s seldom to see such a personal letter by the great scientist.

Size: Approximately 8.5 x 11 in. / 22 x 28 cm, unframed.

Condition: Very good condition; two horizontal folds.

Provenance: Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Universal Archives/John Reznikoff. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar History.


H.M. King Gustav Vasa

The single most important and significant Swedish letter that's ever been offered for sale!

Signed letter by H.M. King Gustav Vasa of Sweden. Written in Latin in 1556, addressed to H.M. Queen Mary I of England, in regard of sending two ambassadors who will argue for a cessation of English trade with Russia and, instead, for a resumption of trade with Sweden. At the time when the letter was written, Sweden was in war with Russia – The Russo-Swedish War (1554–1557) – who was ruled by Tsar Ivan IV of Russia, also known as “Ivan the Terrible”.

The letter in full, translated in English from Latin: “Gustavus, by the grace of God, King of the Swedes, Goths and Vandals, to the Most Serene lady Mary of England, France and Ireland, with the same grace of God our dearest Queen of Germany, wishes health and the greatest felicity, and if anything, good in addition, blessing from God Almighty so he could grant what is prayed for and desired. Most Illustrious Sovereign, dearest German Lady, we sent to your Serenity, under determined circumstances with knowledge of our affairs, trustworthy and apt, as well as in the first place esteemed & kind, our devoted ministers. Doctor Arnold Rosenberger, skillful jurist, & Martin Helfring our secretary, to whom we entrusted our affairs so they would present and uncover them in our name to Your Serenity. For this reason, in brotherly and friendly way we ask Your Serenity, so that in all things, that they in our name to Your Serenity announce, to have the same faith, which we have. So we have addressed the heart of Your Serenity, that we in similar or greater things, where in such way occasion was given, won’t burden Your Serenity again. To God Almighty we entrust the health and felicity of Your Serenity. Sent from our royal castle Gripsholm, September 9, in the year of our Lord 1556.”

Signed materials by H.M. King Gustav Vasa are extremely uncommon, yet highly sought-after. Note that the letter also bears the seal of H.M. King Gustav Vasa which is placed below the signature. There are only nine signatures known to exist by Gustav Vasa, making this one of the nine. However, this is not only a signature, nor a signed document with a somewhat uninteresting content; this is a signed letter with absolutely incredible content!

Size: Approximately 8.25 x 12.75 in. / 21 x 32 cm, unframed.

Condition: Fine condition; toning and soiling creases; horizontal and vertical folds; ragged on the left and lower side.

Provenance: Private collection, Sweden; Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar History.

Price: Upon request

John Lennon

One of the most significant handwritten letters by John Lennon known to exist – written to Sir George Martin!

Handwritten and signed letter by John Lennon written to The Beatles' producer George Martin. The letter in full: "Dear Martin George of Rock Ink, Yoko and I got Two Virgins out in spite of being part owners of Apple. We made it in May and they fucked us about till November! Then E.M.I. (who have the real control) wrote warning letters to all their puppets around the world telling them not to handle it in any way, (this after Sir Joe had told us face to face that he would do everything he could to help us with it and asking us for autographed copies!) In the States it came out on Tetragrammaton, which vanished leaving a few thousand spares (it was sold discreetly wrapped in brown paper bags). Retailers here & there were to [sic] scared to handle it and it sold very few it's very well known but not many people could actually get it. In most other major markets e.g. Japan, it has never been released. On my last album in U.K., E.M.I. allowed me to sing 'fuck' but wouldn't allow the lyrics to be printed! Yoko's Open Your Box * was banned (again by an E.M.I. letter) everywhere. It only came out in Britain in a censored form. Just thought you'd like to know. Love J&Y".

An original typewritten document, dated "Sept. 12, 1971", of the letter is accompanied. The letter is angrily written regarding Lennon's experimental album "Unfinished Music No. 1: Two Virgins". That was the very first non-Beatles album that Lennon made. It was a very controversial album, in particular the now famous album cover, which was the reason of why Lennon was so critical towards Apple Records and E.M.I. Lennon's most iconic album – "Imagine" was released September 9, 1971. That's only three days prior to when Lennon wrote this letter. In other words, he is writing the letter to make sure that his previous experiences with Apple and E.M.I. will not be happening again with "Imagine" – an album that later became one of history's most iconic albums.

The letter is addressed to "Martin George of Rock Ink & Roll Ink", which is clearly Sir George Martin. Typical John Lennon humor! George Martin is known as "The Fifth Beatle", perhaps the man, beside the four, that contribute the most for the great success of The Beatles. He produced all of Beatles's albums and singles between 1962 and 1669 including Sgt. Pepper, White Album and Abbey Road.

This is surely one of the most significant handwritten letters by John Lennon known to exist; the fact that it's written to George Martin makes it even greater! Noted Beatles autographs expert Perry Cox writes the following in the accompanied letter of authenticity: "Very historic and incredible hand written letter ... One of the most significant letter’s I’ve examined by Mr. Lennon to date."

Size: Approximately 8.5 x 11 in. / 22 x 28 cm, unframed.

Condition: Very good condition; impression of paper clip on upper left side.​

Provenance: Sir George Martin, producer of The Beatles. Letter of authenticity from Perry Cox. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar History.

Price: Upon request

Mahatma Gandhi

Scare handwritten letter by Gandhi during a crucial time of his life!

Handwritten and signed letter by Mahatma Gandhi. The letter in full: "8-12-38. My dear Shanta. So what was not possible in India has become possible there. Evidently God had planned for you to marry in London. I do hope the union will result in a perfect happiness for both of you. Do tell me something of your life partner’s story of his life. He is evidently doing most valuable work. I expect to see Muriel & Dorothy tomorrow. Agatha comes on the 10th. Mohodere is better. Love, Bapu".

Handwritten materials by Gandhi are indeed very rare. The demand is even higher when it comes to items that are from the time when Gandhi struggled to end the British colonial rule of India, which this letter indeed is due to its dating of 1938.

Size: Approximately 4.25 x 6.75 in. / 11 x 17 cm, unframed.

Condition: Good condition; light toning and soiling; one horizontal fold.

Provenance: Shanta Gandhi; Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from PSA/DNA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar History.

Price: Upon request

Brian Wilson

Original lyrics to an unpublished song, written by the iconic singer-songwriter!

Original handwritten lyrics to the song "Life Is for the Living", written by its songwriter Brian Wilson. The lyrics in full: "Life Is For The Living / Don't Sit Around On Your Ass / Smokin' Grass That Stuff Went / Out A Long Time Ago / Life Is For The Living / I Thought You Wanted To See / How It Could Be When You're In / Shape And Your Head Plugs Into Life / Sit-Ups And Pushups Do Take Energy / And So You Run And You Swim / At Some Gym And Then You Will / Agree That Life Is For The Living / Why Don't You Get Up At 8 Feelin' / So Great Cut Out The Sweets / And Start Eating 3 Times A Day / Wanna Know A Secret / Wheat Germ Oil Vitamins Too / Organic Juices And Hoop Adeedoo / Life Is For The Living I Thought / You Wanted To See How It Could Be / When You're In Shape And Your / Head Plugs In To“.

Brian Wilson of The Beach Boys is widely considered as one of the all-time greatest songwriters; his name is up there with Dylan, Lennon and McCartney. Although the song catalog of Wilson is very large, there's quite a few song titles that remained unpublished – one of which, the song entitled "Life Is for the Living". The mentioned song title was set to be the opening song for the legendry unreleased Beach Boys album “Adult Child”.

Handwritten lyrics are often noted as the Holy Grail of music memorabilia. The fact that this is lyrics to an unreleased song makes it in a way much more interesting. The fact that it's Brian Wilson lyrics makes it absolutely incredible.

Size: Approximately 8 x 10 in. / 20 x 25 cm, unframed.

Condition: Very good condition; very light handling creases.

Provenance: Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from PSA/DNA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar History.

Price: Upon request

Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln – the man who freed the slaves – send his regards to a former pro-slavery Congressman.

Handwritten and signed letter by Abraham Lincoln. The letter in full: "Springfield, Ill. July 29, 1860. Hon. John Hickman. My dear Sir: I have just received and read the speech you sent me, which you delivered recently at Philadelphia—It is indeed an excellent one; and you will please accept my thanks for both the making and sending of it. Yours very truly, A. Lincoln".

The letter was sent to Congressman John Hickman, a pro-slavery Democrat, who later became an anti-slavery Republican. In 1862, when Lincoln was president, he signed the "Emancipation Proclamation" which freed the slaves. A handwritten letter like this one is extremely rare and shows President Lincoln's desire for making slaves free!

Size: Approximately 4 x 6.5 in. / 10 x 17 cm; unframed.

Condition: Good condition; two horizontal folds; handling creases and scratches; toning; three stains on the lower left, one rather big.

Provenance: Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Universal Archives/John Reznikoff. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar History.


Paul McCartney

Incredible letter by Paul McCartney to Prince!

Handwritten and signed letter by Paul McCartney. The letter in full: "[1] Dear Princely person, Hi there! I know how hard it is to always be getting letters that ask for some favour or another, so it was not easy for me to accept the job of Lead Patron for a Performing Arts School to be located in my home town, Liverpool. But, you guessed it! I did agree to do it, so now I'm writing to ‘friends and all good people’ to try and interest them in the scheme. The story started just after the inner-city riots in Liverpool a few years ago. A friend suggested that ‘what the city needs is a ‘Fame’ School.’ I liked the idea as a possible positive focus for local and overseas kids, but it was only later when I went back to my own old school that was in ruins, that I thought by locating a Performing Arts Centre there we could save the 1825 building in the process.

[2] So…(phew!) We're now well on our way, as the enclosed info shows, but there's still a lot to be done. Now the hard part. A donation from you would be a great boost to the project, and I know your involvement in some way, would be a thrill for everyone concerned. Hope you didn't mind me writing this, it's so long since I've written letters I feel like I'm back at school myself. Anyway, one of these days you'll have to come and teach a class some moves!! Who knows, it may turn out to be something special for thousands of future kids. Thanks for looking at this. Cheers + love, Paul (McCartney)".

The letter is written to Prince, making this a truly remarkable and incredible letter that connects two of the most important figures of the history of popular music. Although the letter is undated, it dates to early 2000. McCartney signed the letter twice; at the end (also adding a small sketch of a smiling face), and in the beginning as sender in which he also adds his home address "1 Soho Square, London W.1., England". Indeed, one of the finest letters there is in regard of music memorabilia!

Size: Approximately 8 x 11.5 in. / 20 x 29 cm each, unframed.

Condition: Very good condition; extremely light toning.

Provenance: Prince; Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from PSA/DNA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar History.


John F. Kennedy

Senator JFK declare his kindness and generosity.

Handwritten and signed letter by John F. Kennedy. The letter in full: "[1] Dear John, Many thanks for your recent letter. I was extremely glad to hear from you and I remember Hazel’s thoughtfulness in sending the flowers and I am terribly sorry that

[2] she was never thanked. Unfortunately they came at a time when I was having some difficulty and I was under the impression that some member of my family was going to contact her. In any case,

[3] I will write her today. I hope you are all well – things are moving along here – and I have hopes of getting back in a couple of weeks. I expect to come up

[4] there by June – and I hope to see you and Eileen. Jack".

The letter is written on a total of four pages on two United States Senate letterhead sheets. No date but postmarked April 15 1955. The letter is written to Massachusetts representative John O’Rourke. The letter is accompanied with the original mailing envelope addressed in the upcoming president's hand. This is a very fine example of handwritten letter by JFK that shows his kindness.

Size: Approximately 8 x 10.5 in. / 20 x 26 cm each, unframed.

Condition: Good condition; light creases.

Provenance: Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar History.


Sigmund Freud

Extraordinary letter from a genius to another!

Handwritten and signed letter by Sigmund Freud to his nephew Edward Bernays. The letter in full: [1] "Dear Edward, I feel deeply grateful towards you on account of the endeavors you make to assist me financially in these hard times, and I see it is not your fault if I must refuse your proposals. But refuse I must and so, I will at least give you my motives for doing so. To your cable inviting me to accept an invitation to come over for six months to great passing and give lectures under the guarantee of earning $10,000 I had to answer not convenient for more than one reason, partially personal ones and partly depending on the conditions of the case. To begin with the former, I am not robust my general health is far from being intact and a sojourn of half a year in New York would be a great hardship for me. People of my age do not enter into adventures like this unless the chances are very brilliant. In the second place the offer is not a very generous one. Those gentlemen you mention have no risk at all. The $5000 advanced by them has to be paid back, in fact I have to come over at my own expense, to live by my work and if I do not fall ill, they may be pretty sure I will earn $10,000 in the course of 6 months. The offer is even unnecessary for I wanted to go the New York,

[2] I would not be at a loss to procure the money for the fare and first starting in six months. Another point is, that you most likely underrate the cost of my living in your town for six months. You seem not to take into account that I would need three rooms for analytical treatment, a waiting-room, a second for my patients and a third, private one to sleep in. As people who pay $25 an hour, are not expected to come to another place than a first class hotel the costs of the appointment for itself would amount perhaps to $50 daily i.e. the fees of two patients, and $1,500 monthly, $9000 half a year, I don’t know how I could go better by getting private lodgings and a servant etc. Another point: I would not be able to give lectures in English. I do not expect German lectures would be received kindly by the public, and traveling around is incompatible with fixed hours of analytical treatment. Add to this the difficulty of finding appropriate cases for treatment, the jealousy of New York specialists, etc. The outcome of this undertaking would be that the New York people had got the better of me, they could get my treatment cheaply while I am likely to get nothing out of them. I communicated the conditions of your cable to two of my English patients here and they gave their judgment that I had not to go that the offer was far below

[3] my level that they expected. The guarantee to extend to a sum of $50-100,000 and I had better wait until the patients who needed me come over to Vienna. I, for my part see that $10,000 is a big sum figured out in Austrian crowns, but it is not much in America. A last consideration could warn me that if I brought back some thousands [of] dollars from America I could not keep it a secret when I returned and had to pay a big portion to the tax here while I am not sure if I could escape heavy taxation at New York. So it was not a case to cable agreement and set out for America in the term of two weeks. In your other offer contained in your letter of Nov. 19th the difficulty is not money. I concede $800 is good payment for a paper of 3000 words, not much more than 8 pages, not a whole sheet. But the insurmountable obstacle is in the different way an American and a European editor will handle the same question. If an author of good esteem offered a contract to a German publisher he would be glad to accept it and would not let it depend on the success of the first article, whether to take a second one or not. This absolute submission of your editors to the rotten taste of an uncultivated public is the cause of the low level of American literature and

[4] to be sure the anxiousness to make money is at the root of this submission. A German publisher would not have dared to propose to me on what subjects I had to write. In fact the subjects brought forward in your letter are so commonplace so far out of my field that I could not give them my attention and my pen. A European editor would have shown more respect to an author he appreciated. You often assured me I was highly considered in your country and the public was ready to accept from me whatever I give them. Now this instance is good to show how little is found behind this pleasant affirmation. Had I considered regards like those of your editor from the beginning of my career I am sure I would not have become known at all neither in America nor in Europe. So we have to drop this business altogether. My alterations in the text of the translation (Einführung) are with Dr. Jones and you can get them if you apply to him. I was astonished to hear that your publisher makes him difficulties about the English edition, although you assured me there were none. Will you kindly attend to the matter? If new royalties accrue, will you send them to the following address instead of that I gave you first? Mrs. Lissa E. Kann, The Hague, Holland, Lange Vijoerberg 3, to the account of Dr. E. Jones. With affectionate regards, your uncle Freud".

The letter, which is dated “Dec 19th 1920” with the letterhead “Prof. Dr. Freud, Wien IX, Berggasse 19”, was written to Freud's nephew Edward Bernays who is known as the "Father of Public Relations". An extremely interesting letter by Freud in which he expresses his disdain for the U.S. when offered a six-month lecture tour in the U.S. and the opportunity to write an article for a New York-based magazine. A Freud letter of this length and content is indeed very rare and sought-after. The fact that it's adressed to Bernays makes it even greater!

Size: Approximately 9 x 11.5 in. / 22 x 30 cm each; unframed.

Condition: Good condition; one horizontal and one vertical fold on each both pages; handling creases and scratches; paperclip impression.

Provenance: Edward Bernays; Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Universal Archives/John Reznikoff. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar History.


Max Steiner

Selznick's original score for Gone with the Wind!

A music score sheet set for the 1939 picture Gone with the Wind in two parts. The first page is entitled "Selznick's Melody in E", and the other page is entitled "Selznick's Melody". These are original working sheets, with original handwriting by Max Steiner completed in late 1939.

Original music score sheets by Steiner are very rare. To find Steiner scores for Gone with the Wind is virtually impossible, making this the only example known to exist.

Size: Approximately 10 x 13.5 in. / 25 x 34 cm, unframed.

Condition: Good condition; small toning creases; some protecting tape on the reverse sides of the sheets.

Provenance: Selznick International Pictures; James L. Tumblin. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar History.


Alfred Nobel

Handwritten letter with a sketch by the man who invented the dynamite!

Handwritten and signed letter including a sketch of a diagram, by Alfred Nobel. The letter in full, translated from French: "Paris 10 – 80. Mr. Liedbeck, I have your letter 12/10. Could not the bottom be set up in the following way. Point A would be 10 to 20 centimeters higher than B. It seems to me then that part B would be also well stirred, and that this way there would not be any unused acid, not attacked by the glycerin, as this will happen in this large pipe that starts from the bottom of the device. There you fill it up with 50 d-this could be done; but what a nuisance. If you replenish it with the recuperated acid as it is less dense than the mixture, it will mix with it, and you will only get a nuisance, with no benefit. The above layout seems preferable to me. From A. Nobel".

The letter was sent to Alarik Liedbeck, a friend of Nobel and a fellow chemist. Handwritten items by Nobel are very rare and highly demanded. The few that are known belongs to the Alfred Nobel Museum in Stockholm, Sweden.

Size: Approximately 5.25 x 8.5 in. / 13 x 22 cm, unframed.

Condition: Good condition; small toning creases; one horizontal fold.

Provenance: Alarik Liedbeck; Private Collection, Sweden. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar History.


Claude Monet

Personal letter by the great impressionist!

Handwritten and signed letter by Claude Monet. The letter in full, translated from French: "18 February 1914, Thank you my dear friend for your affectionate sympathy, luckily I am feeling better because I must summon up the courage to withstand these successive deaths, Claude Monet".

The letter is written from his home at Giverny par Vernon, where he painted his famous "Water Lilies" series. The date it self is very significant due to the fact that Monet's second wife, Alice Hoschedé, died in 1911, and especially that Monet's eldest son, Jean Monet, died 10th of February 1914; only eight days before the letter was written. In other words, the death of Jean Monet is the subject of this letter. Both Jean Monet and Alice Hoschedé were often subjects of Claude Monet's paintings. Letters by Claude Monet are very highly sought-after. However, a personal letter such as this one is even more desirable and obviously much rarer!

Size: Approximately 5.25 x 8 in. / 13 x 20 cm, unframed.

Condition: Good condition; the letter s been fold in the middle small; some of the ink has somewhat faded.

Provenance: Private collection, France; Private collection, Sweden. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar History.